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beheaded

Two Men Executed and Beheaded

Index of articles

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Erectile dysfunction is mostly a vascular disease. This is why the Serge Kreutz diet is so effective. It guarantees weight loss, and thus lessens the load on the vascular system.

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How do I make my vagina tighter naturally?

It’s embarrassing to ask, but this is a real issue for a lot of women.

Of course, sex isn’t everything in a relationship, but sexual satisfaction is certainly an important part of it!

So if you feel like you have a stretched vagina, or a loose vagina, this can be a serious source of stress. You feel pressure to perform, feel, and look, a certain way for your partner.

Vaginal looseness can seriously damage a woman’s confidence, and make her feel insecure about pleasing her partner, or herself for that matter.

After I had my first child, I didn’t feel sexy, confident or secure in my ability to perform sexually. In fact, to put it bluntly, I felt like I had a flappy vagina.

I wanted to find a solution for natural vagina tightening – -and was willing to try anything. I did my research, tried a ton of different products, herbs and exercises, and found out what worked and what didn’t.

So while it’s a little embarrassing, I’d like to share my experience with other women like me, who want to tighten their loose vagina and get that sexy back!

Now, contrary to popular belief, a stretched vagina does not come from too much intercourse. A loose vagina can be caused by various reasons, such as childbirth, menopause, or simply natural aging.

You may have heard of kegel exercises, other vagina tightening creams or treatments, and various exercise or diet programs that are designed to tighten a stretched vagina.

How do I tighten my vagina naturally?

Believe it or not, this is not an uncommon question – and vaginal looseness is more common than you think!

It’s nothing to be embarrassed about – although I know it’s a sensitive subject.

If you’ve found this page then you’re probably having some concern about vaginal looseness. Who knows? Maybe you’re even a man trying to help out your special friend who is worried about her vaginal looseness.

If you’ve felt embarrassed or uncomfortable because you feel like you have a wide vagina – I know you’re looking for something that really works, and works fast.

I’ve tried exercises, herbal treatments, and natural vaginal tightening creams. Here’s what worked for me, and what didn’t.

I’ve rated my preference for vaginal tightening from least effective to most effective. #3 – Herbal Treatments to tighten a stretched vagina

There are several herbs that can help tighten vaginal muscles.

— Pueraria Mirifica helps tighten your vaginal walls by encouraging genital tissue regeneration, This herb also balances estrogen levels to counteract your hormonal imbalances.

Bonus: this herb also helps protect against uterus cancer.

— Another natural vaginal tightening herb includes Curcuma Comosa. This herb helps tighten vaginal muscles, it also helps to correct future vaginal looseness by protecting against vaginal wall prolapse.

Curcuma Comosa also helps cure vaginal dryness, hot flashes and can alleviate menstrual cramps.

— You can also correct a stretched vagina by using natural douches that restore elasticity and strength.

These can be made through a combination of natural ingredients, such as:

• Boiled gooseberry
• Vinegar and water
• Diluted lime juice, alum powder and pickling spices

Personally, I tried several combinations of these natural herbs, and felt that they made me feel healthier and cleaner down in my lady-bits, but didn’t feel all that tighter.

I really liked the natural health benefits, but didn’t feel herbal remedies solved my problem of loose vaginal walls.

#2 – Kegel Exercises

A popular natural way to get a tight vagina is through Kegel exercises.

You perform these vagina tightening exercises by squeezing your inner pelvic muscles. Think about when you stop your self from peeing while you’re already urinating. These are the same muscles. Try it out next time you’re using the bathroom.

Once you have figured out how to do this, simply repeat this exercise multiple times throughout the day.

You can do this discreetly and at your leisure. No one has to know you are working to tighten a wide vagina. Remember this is just one of the natural ways correct vaginal looseness.

In my experience, if you do them over time consistently, kegel exercises really do work! You need to be consistent and keep at it (which is easy because they’re so discreet), and eventually you will strengthen your pelvic muscles and, in turn, your vaginal walls. This will make you tighter, naturally.

So, while I liked that the kegel exercises work over time, I was anxious to try something else that would help them work faster, and last longer. This is why these vaginal exercises are my #2 choice for natural vaginal tightening treatments that really work.

#1 – V-tight gel and tightening program

V tight gel is a tightening cream that claims to correct vaginal looseness by tightening skin and tightening the vaginal walls.

It’s advertised to work both by itself, or with accelerated results in correcting a stretched vagina if you use it together with the v-tight vaginal exercise program.

According to the manufacturer, v-tight works within a few minutes to make your vagina tighter after applying the cream. The product also says you can have intercourse with your partner after only a few minutes of applying the gel.

It’s a natural tightening cream that is made from Manjakani extract, and other natural ingredients, which has been used by women in Asian countries for centuries.

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Butea superba conditions the mind for superb sex. And don't underestimate the power of the mind. If your mind is in tune for optimal sex, you will reach 100 years and still enjoy doing it.

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In Uganda, rich fathers use super high dosages of butea superba combined with tongkat ali to turn their gay sons into heterosexual husbands.

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Terrorist Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction: A Reality to Come?

Weapons of mass destruction (WMDs or CBRN) are undeniably a terrifying thing. Some of them have the capability of indiscriminately killing dozens, some hundreds and some even millions. Although CBRN terrorism has been widely considered only a low probability risk,[2] the possible high consequences of a successful attack has still kept many policy-makers awake at night. Preventing CBRN terrorism has been a constant aim of numerous official security doctrines across the world.

There have been so far only a handful of terrorist incidents involving chemical, biological or radiological weapons, and none concerning nuclear weapons. To name a few, the Rajneeshee cult poisoned salad bars with salmonella in a small town in Oregon in 1984,[4] Chechen terrorists placed, but did not detonate a dirty bomb at a park in Moscow in 1996,[5] and Aum Shinrikyo repeatedly used botulinum toxin, sarin and VX in the early 1990s.[6] Fortunately, no terrorists were ever successful in using these weapons in an effective way.

However, this historic experience does not mean CBRN attacks cannot become a more common and deadly phenomenon. This essay will analyse whether the security threat of CBRN terrorism has increased over the years and how much. This essay will particularly assess the motivation of the fourth wave of terrorism and the overall accessibility of CBRN weapons. In essence, this essay argues that the overall threat has increased indeed, but it still belongs in the ‘low risk-high consequence’ category.

Motivation: Organizations Willing to Use CBRN Weapons

Building on David Rapoport’s scheme, a close analysis of the four waves of terrorism shows that only the last one has a true motivation to use CBRN weapons. The first wave, represented by anarchist movements, never attempted to use CBRN weapons. During the second wave, the ethno-separatist, only the Tamil Tigers used chemical weapons, but only in battlefield use against armed forces. Neither did the third, left-wing wave used CBRN weapons, even though there have been some allegations. However, the current fourth wave is diametrically different from the previous three.

One of the usual suspects is Al Qaeda. The group, its affiliates and the global Salafi jihadist movement in general perceive the world only in shades of black or white. That enables Al Qaeda terrorists and perhaps even motivates them to kill their adversaries en masse and indiscriminately, not excluding civilians. Furthermore, Al Qaeda has openly claimed the divine right to kill four million Americans. It seems difficult to imagine Al Qaeda or one of its affiliates would not use CBRN weapons if had the opportunity.

Al Qaeda actually tried to buy a nuclear warhead on the black market in the late 1990s. Ahmed Ressam, an Al Qaeda member and known as ‘the millennium bomber’, claims that the organization has been training its operatives in Afghanistan how to use chemical weapons. Furthermore, its Iraqi branch, the predecessor of the Islamic State (ISIS), remains the main suspect of more than a dozen of car bombings enhanced with chlorine gas in 2007.

The Islamic State has repeatedly shown that it is willing to use all means necessary to achieve its aim. In 2006, it started a sectarian war against the Shia by bombing the al-Askari Mosque in Samarra. Now, it seeks to defend and expand its current territory in lands formerly known as Syria, Iraq and Libya, even by using chemical weapons, as Baghdad claims.

One should not underestimate terrorist organizations coming from other religions. After all, the most active user of CBRN weapons was Aum Shinrikyo. Similar religious sects, attempting to cause the Apocalypse with CBRN weapons, could theoretically originate anywhere.

Another possible CBRN terrorist category could be the radical right-wing. Similarly to religious extremists, the far-right perceives the world in black and white, it does not avoid using violence against members of other communities it deems inferior, and it is prepared to take justice into its own hands if the government fails to act accordingly. The extreme right-wing is non-violent now, but it has the potential to become a serious security threat if it came to the conclusion that it cannot force political changes by peaceful means.

In Europe, the right-wing with the greatest potential for the future can be seen in the current anti-Islam movement, represented for instance by the English Defence League and German Pegida. In the United States, CBRN terrorism seems the most probable coming from the local militias, which consist in total of approximately five million paramilitary-trained members. In 1985, U.S. authorities seized illegal guns and ammunition, automatic rifles, hand grenades, a light anti-tank weapon, and 43 gallons of potassium cyanide at a headquarters of an Arkansan militia, to name just a single example to demonstrate the security hazard.

Capability: Accessibility of CBRN Weapons

Accessibility of chemical weapons can be assessed as fairly easy. Chemical components to dangerous agents can usually be easily found on the open market. Experts deem the nerve agent tabun to be the easiest to make and a skilled chemist could prepare sarin in his own kitchen as its components can be found for instance in gasoline additives, paint solvents and antiseptics. As for the laboratory equipment, it gets cheaper and more accessible every year, like it is with all modern technology. Aum Shinrikyo worked for years with dual-use equipment without raising suspicion.

The more difficult task, when it comes to chemical weapons, is the dispersion. If aerosol is prepared poorly, it will not cause many casualties. Thus terrorists might prefer to steal already weaponized and tested chemical weapons. Because of the Arab Spring, this task might be easier than ever before. The revolutionary wave destabilized particularly Libya, Egypt, Syria and Iraq. Unfortunately, these countries also had active chemical programmes in the past. Troublesome could be especially Iraq because Saddam-era chemical weapons were found in recent years and no one can tell if there are more to be found.

The same problem is regarding biological weapons as Libya, Egypt and Iraq had invested into researching biological warfare as well. As for acquiring non-weaponized agents, some are extremely easy to make, particularly toxins like botulinum and ricin. Terrorists may be also very interested into anthrax, which was demonstrated by Aum Shinrikyo or Bruce Edwards Ivins. As it was with chemical weapons, dual-use laboratory equipment would suit terrorists the best and the greatest challenge lies within the delivery mechanism.

Radiological weapons are arguably the easiest to obtain and weaponize. Nine isotopes are considered a high security risk should they lose physical protection or become abandoned. Three of them (caesium-137, cobalt-60 and iridium-192) are strong gamma emitters which can be easily found in standard hospital or mining equipment.

A terrorist can either simply attach the source to a conventional explosive, which is generally known as the dirty bomb. While panic and some economic damage would be guaranteed, experts doubt this kind of attack would cause many casualties.[33] Another option would be to disperse the radiological source in the form of aerosol, which would be more lethal, but it again requires a sophisticated dispersal device. Furthermore, the perspective of people dying weeks, months or even years after the initial attack due to cancer does not seem too dramatic, which is something terrorists usually crave for.

hile nuclear weapons might be the most desired CBRN weapon, they are by all means the most difficult to obtain. Because the implosion device is a tremendously complex mechanism, terrorists are indefinitely more likely to use the much simpler gun-type design, if they ever acquired at least 55 kilograms of high enriched uranium (HEU). The IAEA registered only sixteen incidents involving HEU or plutonium with the total weight being not even close to the needed mass. Extreme security measures have so far served as a sufficient deterrent against nuclear terrorism.

Conclusion

The overall threat of terrorists using weapons of mass destruction has clearly increased over the years. The fourth wave of terrorism, represented by Salafi jihadists, apocalyptic religious cults and the extreme right-wing, has little respect for life of everyone who does not share their beliefs. This black and white perspective of the world helps them justify killing of civilians in large numbers.

Chemical and biological weapons are the most likely CBRN weapons to be used. First, some chemical and biological agents or their components are accessible on the free market. Second, laboratory equipment gets cheaper every year. And finally, the Arab Spring severely destabilized several countries which had chemical and biological weapons. On the other hand, radiological and nuclear weapons do not seem likely to be used by terrorists in the near future. The former for its ineffectiveness and the latter for its complexity and inaccessibility of fissile material.

However, it would still seem farfetched to claim that CBRN terrorism would become an increasingly common phenomenon in the future. Although the overall threat of chemical and biological terrorism is definitely much higher than a decade or two ago, it is still quite difficult to access the required agents in sufficient numbers, weaponize them and acquire an effective dispersal device, especially without gaining attention of the authorities and intelligence services.

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Actually, if they can live with the fact that men have a sexuality to cope with, and if they aren't feminists, women, at least some of them, are quite OK.

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Second-generation male Muslim immigrants have all reason to hate Europe. They can't get any girls here. Whatever they do. So it is an understandable reaction that they want to blow themselves up, and take a few along.

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Surviving Nuclear, Chemical and Biological Attacks

Unlimited reproduction and distribution is authorized. Just give me credit for my work, and, keep it in context. Since the media has decided to scare everyone with predictions of chemical, biological, or nuclear warfare on our turf, I decided to write a paper and keep things in their proper perspective. I am a retired military weapons, munitions, and training expert.

Lesson number one: In the mid 1990s there were a series of nerve gas attacks on crowded Japanese subway stations. Given perfect conditions for an attack less than 10% of the people there were injured (the injured were better in a few hours) and only one percent of the injured died. 60 Minutes once had a fellow telling us that one drop of nerve gas could kill a thousand people, well he didn't tell you the thousand dead people per drop was theoretical. Drill Sergeants exaggerate how terrible this stuff was to keep the recruits awake in class (I know this because I was a Drill Sergeant too). Forget everything you've ever seen on TV, in the movies, or read in a novel about this stuff, it was all a lie (read this sentence again out loud!). These weapons are about terror, if you remain calm, you will probably not die. This is far less scary than the media and their "Experts," make it sound.

Chemical Weapons

Chemical weapons are categorized as nerve, blood, blister, and Incapacitating agents. Contrary to the hype of reporters and politicians they are not weapons of mass destruction they are "area denial," and terror weapons that don't destroy anything. When you leave the area you almost always leave the risk. That's the difference; you can leave the area and the risk but soldiers may have to stay put and sit through it and that's why they need all that spiffy gear.

These are not gasses, they are vapors and/or air borne particles. The agent must be delivered in sufficient quantity to kill/injure, and that defines when/how it's used. Every day we have a morning and evening inversion where "stuff," suspended in the air gets pushed down. This inversion is why allergies (pollen) and air pollution are worst at these times of the day. So, a chemical attack will have it's best effect an hour of so either side of sunrise/sunset. Also, being vapors and airborne particles they are heavier than air so they will seek low places like ditches, basements and underground garages. This stuff won't work when it's freezing, it doesn't last when it's hot, and wind spreads it too thin too fast. They've got to get this stuff on you, or, get you to inhale it for it to work. They also have to get the concentration of chemicals high enough to kill or wound you. Too little and it's nothing, too much and it's wasted.

What I hope you've gathered by this point is that a chemical weapons attack that kills a lot of people is incredibly hard to do with military grade agents and equipment so you can imagine how hard it will be for terrorists. The more you know about this stuff the more you realize how hard it is to use.

We'll start by talking about nerve agents. You have these in your house, plain old bug killer (like Raid) is nerve agent. All nerve agents work the same way; they are cholinesterase inhibitors that mess up the signals your nervous system uses to make your body function. It can harm you if you get it on your skin but it works best if they can get you to inhale it. If you don't die in the first minute and you can leave the area you're probably gonna live. The military's antidote for all nerve agents is atropine and pralidoxime chloride. Neither one of these does anything to cure the nerve agent, they send your body into overdrive to keep you alive for five minutes, after that the agent is used up. Your best protection is fresh air and staying calm.

Listed below are the symptoms for nerve agent poisoning:

Sudden headache, Dimness of vision (someone you're looking at will have pinpointed pupils), runny nose, excessive saliva or drooling, difficulty breathing, tightness in chest, nausea, stomach cramps, twitching of exposed skin where a liquid just got on you. If you are in public and you start experiencing these symptoms, first ask yourself, did anything out of the ordinary just happen, a loud pop, did someone spray something on the crowd? Are other people getting sick too? Is there an odor of new mown hay, green corn, something fruity, or camphor where it shouldn't be? If the answer is yes, then calmly (if you panic you breathe faster and inhale more air/poison) leave the area and head up wind, or, outside. Fresh air is the best "right now antidote." If you have a blob of liquid that looks like molasses or Kayro syrup on you; blot it or scrape it off and away from yourself with anything isposable. This stuff works based on your body weight, what a crop duster uses to kill bugs won't hurt you unless you stand there and breathe it in real deep, then lick the residue off the ground for a while. Remember they have to do all the work, they have to get the concentration up and keep it up for several minutes while all you have to do is quit getting it on you/quit breathing it by putting space between you and the attack. Blood agents are cyanide or arsine which effect your blood's ability to provide oxygen to your tissue. The scenario for attack would be the same as nerve agent. Look for a pop or someone splashing/spraying something and folks around there getting woozy/falling down. The telltale smells are bitter almonds or garlic where it shouldn't be. The symptoms are blue lips, blue under the fingernails rapid breathing. The military's antidote is amyl nitride and just like nerve agent antidote it just keeps your body working for five minutes till the toxins are used up. Fresh air is the your best individual chance.

Blister agents (distilled mustard) are so nasty that nobody wants to even handle it let alone use it. It's almost impossible to handle safely and may have delayed effect of up to 12 hours. The attack scenario is also limited to the things you'd see from other chemicals. If you do get large, painful blisters for no apparent reason, don't pop them, if you must, don't let the liquid from the blister get on any other area, the stuff just keeps on spreading. It's just as likely to harm the user as the target. Soap, water, sunshine, and fresh air are this stuff's enemy.

Bottom line on chemical weapons (it's the same if they use industrial chemical spills); they are intended to make you panic, to terrorize you, to heard you like sheep to the wolves. If there is an attack, leave the area and go upwind, or to the sides of the wind stream. They have to get the stuff to you, and on you. You're more likely to be hurt by a drunk driver on any given day than be hurt by one of these attacks. Your odds get better if you leave the area. Soap, water, time, and fresh air really deal this stuff a knock-out-punch. Don't let fear of an isolated attack rule your life. The odds are really on your side.

Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear bombs. These are the only weapons of mass destruction on earth. The effects of a nuclear bomb are heat, blast, EMP, and radiation. If you see a bright flash of light like the sun, where the sun isn't, fall to the ground! The heat will be over a second. Then there will be two blast waves, one out going, and one on it's way back. Don't stand up to see what happened after the first wave; anything that's going to happen will have happened in two full minutes. These will be low yield devices and will not level whole cities. If you live through the heat, blast, and initial burst of radiation, you'll probably live for a very, very long time. Radiation will not create fifty foot tall women, or giant ants and grass hoppers the size of tanks. These will be at the most 1 kiloton bombs; that's the equivalent of 1,000 tons of TNT. Here's the real deal, flying debris and radiation will kill a lot of exposed (not all!) people within a half mile of the blast. Under perfect conditions this is about a half mile circle of death and destruction, but, when it's done it's done. EMP stands for Electro Magnetic Pulse and it will fry every electronic device for a good distance, it's impossible to say what and how far but probably not over a couple of miles from ground zero is a good guess. Cars, cell phones, computers, ATMs, you name it, all will be out of order.

There are lots of kinds of radiation, you only need to worry about three, the others you have lived with for years. You need to worry about "Ionizing radiation," these are little sub atomic particles that go whizzing along at the speed of light. They hit individual cells in your body, kill the nucleus and keep on going. That's how you get radiation poisoning, you have so many dead cells in your body that the decaying cells poison you. It's the same as people getting radiation treatments for cancer, only a bigger area gets radiated. The good news is you don't have to just sit there and take it, and there's lots you can do rather than panic. First; your skin will stop alpha particles, a page of a news paper or your clothing will stop beta particles, you just gotta try and avoid inhaling dust that's contaminated with atoms that are emitting these things and you'll be generally safe from them.

Gamma rays are particles that travel like rays (quantum physics makes my brain hurt) and they create the same damage as alpha and beta particles only they keep going and kill lots of cells as they go all the way through your body. It takes a lot to stop these things, lots of dense material, on the other hand it takes a lot of this to kill you. Your defense is as always to not panic. Basic hygiene and normal preparation are your friends. All canned or frozen food is safe to eat. The radiation poisoning will not effect plants so fruits and vegetables are OK if there's no dust on em (rinse em off if there is). If you don't have running water and you need to collect rain water or use water from wherever, just let it sit for thirty minutes and skim off the water gently from the top. The dust with the bad stuff in it will settle and the remaining water can be used for the toilet which will still work if you have a bucket of water to pour in the tank.

Biological Weapons

Finally there's biological warfare. There's not much to cover here. Basic personal hygiene and sanitation will take you further than a million doctors. Wash your hands often, don't share drinks, food, sloppy kisses, etc., .... with strangers. Keep your garbage can with a tight lid on it, don't have standing water (like old buckets, ditches, or kiddie pools) laying around to allow mosquitoes breeding room. This stuff is carried by vectors, that is bugs, rodents, and contaminated material. If biological warfare is so easy as the TV makes it sound, why has Saddam Hussein spent twenty years, millions, and millions of dollars trying to get it right? If you're clean of person and home you eat well and are active you're gonna live.

Overall preparation for any terrorist attack is the same as you'd take for a big storm. If you want a gas mask, fine, go get one. I know this stuff and I'm not getting one and I told my Mom not to bother with one either (how's that for confidence). We have a week's worth of cash, several days worth of canned goods and plenty of soap and water. We don't leave stuff out to attract bugs or rodents so we don't have them.

These people can't conceive a nation this big with this much resources. These weapons are made to cause panic, terror, and to demoralize. If we don't run around like sheep they won't use this stuff after they find out it's no fun. The government is going nuts over this stuff because they have to protect every inch of America. You've only gotta protect yourself, and by doing that, you help the country. Finally, there are millions of caveats to everything I wrote here and you can think up specific scenarios where my advice isn't the best. This letter is supposed to help the greatest number of people under the greatest number of situations. If you don't like my work, don't nit pick, just sit down and explain chemical, nuclear, and biological warfare in a document around three pages long yourself. This is how we the people of the United States can rob these people of their most desired goal, your terror.

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Feminism in Europe makes second-generation male Muslim immigrants suicide bombers. Only the patriarchy as a social and political system can achieve justice.

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The multiverse theory explains why each of us lives in an own universe in which we may as well be immortal.

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40 Celebrities Who Committed Suicide

OMGHype.com

Robin Williams – Age 63

Beloved actor and Oscar winner Robin Williams ended his life in August 2014 by hanging himself with a belt at his home in Paradise Cay, California. It was revealed after William’s death by asphyxiation that the actor had been struggling with Lewy body dementia – which may have been misdiagnosed as Parkinson’s disease – a long history of depression, and a “recent increase in paranoia.” Doctors believe that Williams’ Lewy body dementia “was the critical factor” that resulted in his suicide. The iconic actor’s ashes were scattered in San Francisco Bay.

Marilyn Monroe – Age 36

This iconic bombshell died from a probable suicide by taking an overdose of barbiturates, with those close to her saying she was prone to “severe fears and frequent depressions,” as well as “abrupt and unpredictable mood changes.” Despite the verdict from the coroner, there are many conspiracy theorists who suggest that the powerful sex symbol was actually murdered or overdosed accidentally. Even President John F. Kennedy didn’t believe she committed the unfortunate act on her own terms! She certainly was gone much too soon.

Kurt Cobain – Age 27

The famed frontman of American rock band Nirvana died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound in April 1994 at the young age of 27. Cobain had struggled with drug addiction and depression and had fled to a detox center in Los Angles before flying home to Seattle where he took his own life. Before his untimely death, Courtney Love (Cobain’s wife) hired a private investigator to search for her husband after he’d gone missing from the recovery center. Just a few days later, his body was discovered inside his home alongside a note he had written to his imaginary childhood friend “Boddah,” stating he no longer “felt the excitement of listening to as well as creating music, along with really writing… for too many years now.”

Mindy McCready – Age 37

Country star Mindy McCready took her life in February 2013 at her home in Heber Springs, Arkansas by means of a self-inflicted gunshot to the head. The 37-year-old mother of two had been in and out of rehab for years and attempted suicide twice before, once in 2005 and another time in 2008. McCready fired the gun on her porch, the same place where her former boyfriend and youngest son’s father, David Wilson, fatally shot himself a month earlier. Just days before her untimely death, McCready received court papers proposing that her sons live with her mother instead. Perhaps she just couldn’t take any more devastating news.

Jonathan Brandis – Age 27

The NeverEnding Story II and seaQuest DSV star took his life by hanging himself in November 2003. Brandis, who was 27 at the time, was discovered in the hallway of his LA apartment building by friends. The young star was taken to Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, but died the following day from the injuries he sustained. Though he didn’t leave a suicide note, his friends stated he was depressed that his career was spiraling downwards. One even admitted that he took up heavy drinking and intended to end his short life.

Sawyer Sweeten – Age 19

Child actor Sawyer Sweeten, known for his role as Geoffrey Barone on the hit show Everybody Loves Raymond, took his life in April 2015. The 19-year-old died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head. Sources closest to Sweeten say that the young star was tormented by money troubles, his diminishing career, and bullying over rumors regarding his sexuality. His on-screen family members, and obviously his real family and friends, were left with broken hearts.

Jovan Belcher – Age 25

In December 2012, Kansas City Chiefs linebacker Jovan Belcher shot his longtime girlfriend Kasandra Perkins nine times in front of his mother before driving to the Chiefs’ practice facility where he shot and killed himself in front of his coach and general manager. Just before Belcher shot himself, he said, “I wasn’t able to get enough help.” An autopsy found that he was suffering from chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), caused by repeated head trauma while playing American football that results in memory loss, aggression, confusion, and depression. The killings also orphaned Belcher’s 3-month-old baby daughter, Zoey.

Alexander McQueen – Age 40

Famous British fashion designer and couturier Alexander McQueen took his life in February 2010, just nine days after his mother passed away from cancer at the age of 75. McQueen committed the horrific act by ingesting a cocktail of cocaine, sleeping pills, and tranquilizers before hanging himself with his favorite brown belt. David LaChapelle, a friend of McQueen, said he “was doing a lot of drugs and was very unhappy” during the days leading up to his death. A memorial was held for the famed designer in September 2010, with stars like Kate Moss, Sarah Jessica Parker, Lady Gaga, and Anna Wintour in attendance to show their love, support, and respect.

Lucy Gordon – Age 28

This British actress and model who starred in films including Serendipity, Spider-Man 3, and The Four Feathers was found hanging in her Paris apartment by cinematographer Jérôme Alméras, with whom she shared the flat with, in May 2009. Gordon left behind two suicide notes, one with details regarding her last wishes for her estate and another for her parents. Gordon wrote out her will the day before her untimely death, splitting her estate between her parents, sister, friends, and Alméras.

Johnny Lewis – Age 28

Johnny Lewis, best known for his role as Kip “Half-Sack” Epps on the hit television show Sons of Anarchy, died in September 2012 by either jumping or falling from the roof, garage, or patio of his 81-year-old landlord’s home. It was reported that Lewis had climbed up onto the roof after killing his landlord, Catherine Davis, and her pet cat. Lewis’ family later spoke out about his history of untreated head trauma, saying that his condition could have led to a psychological disorder and was the potential cause of his sudden spurts of violence. Though drugs weren’t found in his system following an autopsy, Lewis did have a history of drug abuse that may have led to drug-induced psychosis.

Gia Allemand – Age 29

American actress, Maxim model, and The Bachelor contestant Gia Allemand attempted to take her life in August 2013 by hanging herself with a vacuum cord. Allemand was found and admitted to University Hospital in New Orleans where she was declared brain dead and removed from life support two days later. The 29-year-old star was dating NBA player Ryan Anderson of the New Orleans Pelicans at the time. Anderson admitted he and Allemand had been arguing through lunch before her death when she voiced her concerns that he had been unfaithful to her. That same night, he told her he no longer loved her.

Dana Plato – Age 34

Dana Plato, notable for playing Kimberly Drummond on the hit sitcom Diff’rent Strokes, took her life in May 1999 with an intentional overdose of Lortab, a painkiller, and Soma, a muscle-relaxant. The day before her death, the 34-year-old actress made an appearance on The Howard Stern Show where she discussed her financial problems and past run-ins with the law. She also admitted to having recovered from drug and alcohol abuse, though she claimed she was sober for over 10 years at the time. Perhaps those painkillers, given to her after she had some teeth extracted, should have been monitored more closely.

Chris Benoit – Age 40

Professional wrestler Chris Benoit, considered one of the greatest wrestlers in the world, committed suicide in June 2007 by hanging himself after a three-day period in which he murdered his wife, Nancy, and his 7-year-old son, Daniel. It was later revealed that the professional wrestler had suffered severe brain damage over the years and had a brain that resembled one of an 85-year-old Alzheimer’s patient. He also had an advanced form of dementia, which can contribute to severe behavioral problems. Benoit’s father suggests his son’s brain damage was the leading cause of the horrific murder-suicide.

L’Wren Scott – Age 49

This fashion designer, stylist, and longtime girlfriend of Rolling Stones frontman Mick Jagger hanged herself in her Manhattan apartment with a scarf in March 2014. Scott was reportedly suffering from a long period of depression. Mick Jagger was shocked, writing on his Facebook page the following: “I am still struggling to understand how my lover and best friend could end her life in this tragic way.” In the weeks following Scott’s sudden death, both her Banana Republic collection and high-end line at Barneys were in high demand and sold out.

Junior Seau – Age 43

unior Seau, 10-time All-Pro, 12-time Pro Bowl selection, and one of the NFL’s greatest linebackers, died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the chest at his home in Oceanside, California in May 2012. Though he never left a suicide note, the football star left behind a scribbled note in his kitchen with lyrics from his favorite country song, “Who I Ain’t.” The song, co-written by one of his friends – Jamie Paulin – is about a man who regretted the person he became. Though some speculated that Seau suffered brain damage, there were no apparent signs found in his autopsy report. But in 2013, a report released by his family from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke showed findings of definitive signs of CTE, a condition traced to concussion-related brain damage.

Misty Upham – Age 32

Native American actress Misty Upham, best known for her role in the 2008 film Frozen River, went missing in October 2014 after she left her sister’s apartment on foot. Nearly two weeks later, Upham was found dead at the bottom of a cliff in a wooded area by a small search party her family and others had organized. A medical examiner determined she died from blunt-force injuries to her head and torso. After her initial disappearance, Upham’s family had announced their concern for Misty, citing her past mental health problems.

Ernest Hemingway – Age 61

This great American novelist, short story writer, and journalist took his life by shooting himself in the head with his favorite shotgun. But his wife, Mary, initially claimed he shot himself accidentally while cleaning the dangerous weapon. In an interview five years later, she admitted he had committed suicide. Hemingway had suffered from depression and alcoholism throughout his life and had been hospitalized three months earlier due to a previous attempt to take his own life. Medical records also confirmed that he had been diagnosed with hemochromatosis, a genetic disease that culminates in mental and physical deterioration.

Hunter S. Thompson – Age 67

Hunter S. Thompson, a journalist, author, and founder of the gonzo journalism movement, died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head at his home in Woody Creek, Colorado in February 2005. Thompson was on the phone with his wife when he took his life. He also left a suicide note, titled “Football Season is Over,” which read the following: “No More Games. No More Bombs. No More Walking. No More Fun. No More Swimming. 67. That is 17 years past 50. 17 more than I needed or wanted. Boring. I am always bit***. No Fun — for anybody. 67. You are getting Greedy. Act your (old) age. Relax — This won’t hurt.”

Simone Battle – Age 25

This American actress, singer, member of the pop girl group G.R.L., and The X Factor finalist took her life in September 2014 by hanging herself in her California home. A spokesperson for the 25-year-old star said she had suffered from depression due to financial issues. Her untimely death shook the hearts of her family, friends, fans, and fellow entertainers. Many, including Simon Cowell, Pitbull, Nicole Scherzinger, and the others from G.R.L., paid tribute to Battle via social media. Hashtags regarding her death trended on Twitter across the globe.

Vincent Van Gogh – Age 37

Dutch Post-Impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh ended his life in July 1890 with a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the chest. The famous painter actually walked himself back to the Auberge Ravoux where he spent his last 70 days, though doctors in attendance couldn’t remove the bullet without a surgeon. Left alone in his room to smoke his pipe with his brother soon at his side, Van Gogh passed away not long after his body began to fail him. The painter had been struggling for years with severe depression and was later diagnosed with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, temporal lobe epilepsy, and acute intermittent porphyria.

Christine Chubbuck – Age 29

American television news reporter Christine Chubbuck shot herself in the head during a live broadcast in July 1974 after struggling with years of depression. Chubbuck covered the news as usual before announcing to the audience, “In keeping with Channel 40’s policy of bringing you the latest in ‘blood and guts,’ and in living color, you are going to see another first – attempted suicide.” The broadcast rapidly switched to black immediately following the tragic incident. She was pronounced dead 14 hours later at Sarasota Memorial Hospital.

Lee Thompson Young – Age 29

Lee Thompson Young, an actor known for his role as the title character on the Disney Channel series The Famous Jett Jackson and as Chris Comer in Friday Night Lights, passed away from a self-inflicted gunshot wound in August 2013. The star was found by police in his Los Angeles apartment after he failed to show up to a filming of an episode of Rizzoli & Isles. It was later released that Young had been diagnosed with bipolar disorder and had been suffering from depression before his death. His family went on to launch the Lee Thompson Young Foundation in hopes of removing the stigma surrounding mental illness.

Sylvia Plath – Age 30

Renowned poet, novelist, and short story writer Sylvia Plath took her own life by placing her head in a gas oven at her home in February 1963. Plath had sealed off the kitchen in her London apartment so that the carbon monoxide would not reach her two young children who were upstairs in bed at the time. Sylvia had tried multiple times to kill herself before her ultimate attempt and had described the quality of her despair as “owl’s talons clenching my heart.” She also claimed to have had constant agitation and an inability to cope with daily life.

Aaron Swartz – Age 26

Aaron Swartz, a computer programmer, entrepreneur, writer, political organizer, and Internet hacktivist, committed suicide in 2013 while facing up to 50 years in prison for wire and computer fraud and abuse. Swartz was found dead in his Brooklyn apartment where he hanged himself two days following the prosecution that rejected his proposed counter-offer. At his funeral, Swartz’s father stated the following: “Aaron was killed by the government, and MIT betrayed all of its basic principles.”

Virginia Woolf – Age 59

English writer Virginia Woolf drowned herself in March 1941 by walking into the river by her home with large stones in her overcoat pockets to weigh her body down. Her body wasn’t found until around three weeks later. In her suicide note she wrote, “I feel certain that I’m going mad again. I feel we can’t go through another of those terrible times. And I shan’t recover this time. I begin to hear voices, and I can’t concentrate. So I am doing what seems the best thing to do.” Woolf struggled with severe bouts of mental illness throughout her life, thought now to be bipolar disorder.

Michael “Mike Awesome” Alfonso – Age 42

Professional wrestler Michael “Mike Awesome” Alfonso hanged himself in his Tampa Bay home in February 2007. His lifeless body was discovered by a group of his friends. Details regarding the cause of his untimely death weren’t released until months later. The 42-year-old was released from jail not long before his hanging following a heated dispute he had with his wife in which he grabbed her throat and slammed her against a wall when she expressed her desire for a divorce. It’s thought that his criminal charges and loss of family were leading factors in his death.

Tony Scott – Age 68

Tony Scott, an English film director and producer known for films such as Top Gun, Crimson Tide, and True Romance, died from multiple blunt force injuries after jumping off the Vincent Thomas Bridge in Los Angeles. Scott left notes for his friends and family, but neither mentioned any health problems. Later in a Variety interview, Tony’s brother – director Ridley Scott – acknowledged that Tony had been “fighting a lengthy battle with cancer – a diagnosis the family elected to keep private during his treatments and in the immediate wake of his death.”

Don Cornelius – Age 75

his American television show host, producer, and creator of the nationally famous dance and music show Soul Train committed suicide with a self-inflicted shot to the head in February 2012. According to Cornelius’s son, Don had been in “extreme pain” shortly before his death and suffered from multiple seizures on a daily basis due to a 21-hour brain operation he underwent in 1982 to correct a congenital deformity in his cerebral arteries. Shortly before his death, Cornelius said he didn’t know how much longer he could take the pain.

Michael Hutchence – Age 37

Michael Hutchence, founding member, lead singer, and lyricist of the rock band INXS, was found dead in his Sydney hotel room in November 1997. After his death, the state coroner ruled it a suicide, also stating Hutchence was depressed and under the influence of alcohol and drugs. Police reported that he was facing the door in a kneeling position. They then went on to say he “had used his snake skin belt to tie a knot on the automatic door closure at the top of the door, and had strained his head forward into the loop so hard that the buckle had broken.”

Jon-Erik Hexum – Age 26

American model and actor Jon-Erik Hexum accidentally killed himself with a blank-loaded gunshot round to the head on the set of TV spy show Cover Up, in which he played the leading male role, while playing an apparent game of Russian roulette. The blank that Hexum fired didn’t penetrate the skull, but had enough force to dislodge a quarter-sized piece of skull into his brain, causing massive hemorrhaging. On October 18, 1984, six days after the accident, Hexum was declared brain dead and taken off of life support. His tragic death was ultimately ruled accidental.

Jeff Alm – Age 25

This defensive tackle for the Houston Oilers, now the Tennessee Titans, killed himself with a self-inflicted gunshot wound. Alm was driving his Cadillac convertible on an interstate with his best friend, Sean P. Lynch, in the passenger seat when he lost control after speeding on a curved exit ramp. Lynch was thrown from the vehicle to an embankment 30 feet below. Utterly distraught seeing his best friend’s lifeless body, Alm shot himself with a pistol grip shotgun. Both men had been intoxicated at the time of the tragedy.

Freddy E – Age 22

Seattle rapper Freddy E died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head in January 2013. Before taking his own life, the hip-hop artist posted a last note on Twitter, writing “If there’s a God then He’s calling me back home. This barrel never felt so good next to my dome. It’s cold & I’d rather die than live alone.” It’s thought that the rapper was depressed and heartbroken after ending a long-term relationship. Many point to Honey Cocaine for causing his heartache, though she denies the assumptions.

David Foster Wallace – Age 46

David Foster Wallace, an American novelist, essayist, and professor, died by suicide in September 2008. The 46-year-old chose to hang himself from a patio rafter in his garage after writing a two-paged note and arranging part of the manuscript for The Pale King. Wallace’s father revealed in an interview that his son had been battling depression for decades, noting antidepressants allowed him to be productive. Though he was medicated, on-and-off treatments ultimately became ineffective for Wallace and led him to his death.

Freddie Prinze – Age 22

Actor and stand-up comedian Freddie Prinze, the star of the 1970s sitcom Chico and the Man, died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head in January 1977 following his struggles with marital problems, drug abuse, and depression. Though he was rushed to the UCLA Medical Center and placed on life support after emergency surgery, his family let him go the following day. A jury found his death to be accidental in a civil case years after, but it was ultimately ruled a suicide from a note Prinze had left stating he decided to end his short life.

Diane Arbus – Age 48

World-famous photographer and writer Diane Arbus killed herself in July 1971 by overdosing on barbiturates and slashing her wrists with a razor. She was found in her bathtub two days later. Arbus suffered from “depressive episodes,” which may have been made worse by symptoms of hepatitis. A few years earlier, she admitted that she would go “up and down a lot” and her ex-husband stated she had “violent changes of mood.” A year after her sudden death, Arbus became the first American photographer to have her work displayed at the Venice Biennale.

Terry Kath – Age 31

Terry Kath, founding member, original guitarist, and co-lead singer of the classic rock band Chicago, died in January 1978 from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head while playing around with a semiautomatic 9 mm pistol. Kath, who regularly carried and played with guns, was having some fun with band technician Don Johnson when he picked up the pistol. Though Johnson warned him to be careful, Kath replaced the gun with what he thought was an empty magazine, placed it to his temple, and pulled the trigger. There was one round in the chamber and Kath was killed instantly.

Reinaldo Arenas – Age 47

This Cuban poet, novelist, and playwright died from an intentional alcohol and drug overdose in December 1990 at the age of 47. Arenas wrote in his suicide note that he ended his life while he was suffering from depression and severe health complications from AIDS, which he was diagnosed with three years earlier. Part of his letter read the following: “Due to my delicate state of health and to the terrible depression that causes me not to be able to continue writing and struggling for the freedom of Cuba, I am ending my life

James Whale – Age 67

James Whale, an English film director, theatre director, and actor remembered for films like Frankenstein, The Old Dark House, and The Invisible Man, ended his life in May 1957 by drowning himself in his swimming pool after a series of strokes left him weak and in pain. Whale’s death was initially ruled accidental until his suicide note was released decades later. In the first part of his note, Whale wrote, “Do not grieve for me. My nerves are all shot and for the last year I have been in agony day and night – except when I sleep with sleeping pills – and any peace I have by day is when I am drugged by pills.”

Assia Wevill – Age 41

Assia Wevill, a German who managed to escape the Nazis during early World War II, killed herself and the young daughter of poet Ted Hughes, with whom she had a relationship with. She chose the same suicide method as Hughes’ first wife, Sylvia Plath, by gassing herself and 4-year-old Shura in their London home. Wevill had given Shura sleeping pills dissolved in water before turning the gas stove on. The two were found lying together in the kitchen on a mattress.

Hart Crane – Age 32

American poet Hart Crane took his life in April 1932 by jumping off the steamship Orizaba into the Gulf of Mexico after he was beaten for making sexual advances to a male member of the crew. Although he was chugging down alcohol like water and failed to leave a suicide note, it’s believed Crane intended to kill himself. Some passengers even claim Crane exclaimed,”Goodbye, everybody!” before jumping overboard. His body was never found.

Wendy O. Williams – Age 48

Wendy O. Williams, lead singer of American punk band Plasmatics, died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound in April 1998 in a wooded area by her Connecticut home. Five years earlier, she first attempted to kill herself by hammering a knife into her chest, lodging it in her sternum before deciding she wanted to live. In 1997, she intentionally overdosed on ephedrine in a second suicidal attempt. Williams reportedly wrote in her suicide note that the world made no sense to her, but her feelings to end her life rang loud and clear.

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Erectile dysfunction is mostly a vascular disease. An Egyptian professor found the solution. Botox injections into the penis, once every six month. A simple procedure that even nurses can handle.

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